What is a Beelzebub?




Nothing in this body of the text is written to discredit or demoralize the faith of any said person but to enrich what knowledge I have read from multiple areas of others dynamic finding and research. I am not holding this information to be fictional neither factional but presenting information from others that have done research and provided answers to questions we all seek to find whether they agree or disagree with our beliefs each should be used to the better of  our society.

            Exactly what is Beelzebub? In reading Mark  in the New King James Bible there was an incident in Ch.3 when Jesus ask the Pharisees is it lawful to do good on the Sabbath or to do evil, to save life or to kill it?’ But they kept silent”( New King James Version, Mark 3: 4). By this statement he was asking the Pharisee’s it it right to heal or to continue to let someone be sick or lame to heal a man’s withered hand on the Sabbath. This statement was interesting not only did it question the importance of doing good but it brought up the topic of what is evil? In continuing my reading, my interest was at first to discover the importance of the word evil and its roots. As I continued reading that desire to to know what is evil changed. In continuing my reading of Mark, the text goes on to describe Jesus anger with the hearts of the Pharisees but yet still healing the hand. It goes on to describe the events, leading to my main question in  Mark 3: 22- with the scribes calling him “Beelzebub the ruler of demons.” After this, Jesus states, “How can Satan cast out Satan?” So my question is exactly what is a Beelzebub? Where did the word originate? How is it connected to Satan? Is Jesus a Beelzebub?

            As I began looking for information regarding Beelzebub, my first thought was I have seen this word before in my English Literature class when we read Milton’s Paradise Lost, if you have not read the book please read it because there are many interesting analogies and Milton has an extremely astonishing imagination. But back to my original question, I figured, I would go to my favorite site which is http://www.etymonline.com/index.php, in my search I read that the word is in connection with Baal. Beelzebub is a Philistine God and has multiple translations and here are some of the names mentioned: Lord, Satan, false gods “Lord of the Flies,” which if anyone notice is also a book. Beelzebub is derived from the word Baal and Baal means owner, master, or lord. This name is really old but Baal as the Encyclopedia Mythica writes dates back all the way to the 14th century BCE among the Semitic people (Mythica., 2014).  These people were the descendant of Shem,  Noah’s oldest son (Mythica., 2014). This name was known around that time because of its was thought to be Syrian and Persian gods but also Canaan fertility god.


Baal was the son of El,

“El is the name by which the supreme Canaanite deity is known. This is also a name by which God is called in the Old Testament — El, the God (Elohim) of Israel (el elohe yisrael: Gen. 33:20”… Despite all this, El was considered the exalted “father of years” (abu shanima), the “father of man” (abu adami), and “father bull”, that is, the progenitor of the gods, tacitly likened to a bull in the midst of a herd of cows. Like Homer’s Zeus, he was “the father of men and gods.” (Northernway.org, 2014).

            This is information to be read, I am not supporting the information but would like everyone to have knowledge of what is out there. The Encyclopedia explains that Baal is a deity whom died and was to be raised from the dead. His connection to the calf is that during his invitation to visit Mot or “god of death” in the land of the dead he took this calf along with him to give him strength while he went to Mot who is enemy (Mythica., 2014). Anat who is Baal’s wife asked Mot to bring  Baal back to life but Mot refused and suffered a inhumane death, she killed him.( He was a god? They Die?) Then Anat took over the land of the dead and mind you she is Baals wife, I do not think killing is good but it sounds like the opposite which is bad. The information goes on but for futher reading I have put the link below this paragraph that I used from the encyclopedia.


  Baal is also known as the God of thunder, rain, and, lightening (Mythica., 2014). Though he doesn’t give off such a bad persona in this literature the bible states it as an idol worshiped by the Israelites in their rebellion against the God of Abraham on their journey to the promise land.  Baal was the son of El connection with the God in Hebrew that is where the difference of names come into par Baal to Baalzebub in Hebrew. Notice also that words have meaning but are changed directly or indirectly throughout history so the true meaning of a word can change. Though there is no mention of Jesus just with biblical knowledge he is the son of Abba which is a Aramaic translation (Etymonline.com, 2014). Baal was worshiped throughout the history of the people and according to encyclopedia mythica it was widely accepted by the Jews, Canaanites, and Phoenicians (Mythica., 2014).This does not mean all Jews but some.  Exactly what is a“Beelzebub?” It is a name in an ancient story of a god, it is the greek form of the word Baal just translated differently among culture and languages. Is beelzebub evil, however, it will depend on which literature one is reading and respects, is he Jesus no because Jesus would need to draw strength from a calf. Nor was he bringing others to life but men serviced him by human sacrifice. Is Beelzebub connected to Satan? This question certainly depends on whom you ask.




Etymonline.com. 2014. Online Etymology Dictionary. [online] Available at: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=beelzebub&searchmode=none.


Mythica., E. 2014. Baal. [online] Available at:  http://www.pantheon.org/articles/b/baal.html.


Mark. New King James Version. New ed. Nashville: Nelson, 1994. Print

http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02388c.htm .


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